The Moscow District Railway (MOZD) was built around Moscow over a hundred years ago. Its length is 54 km. Throughout its entirety, 14 stations were built, and all of them are unique examples of Moscow Art Nouveau at the beginning of the 20th century.
Until 1917, Moscow Railway transported workers and employees of the enterprises adjacent to it, although passengers were always in short supply. Later, when the areas along which the MOZD route passed received reliable tram and bus services, passenger traffic along the ring was closed. Since 1934, only freight and special trains with diesel locomotives circled the ring.
1. Until 2012, nothing visually changed, only occasionally smoked commodities drove along the ring. Then the traffic was sharply blocked, everyone dug up, part of the bridges were dismantled, and in just four years the ring was completely reconstructed – this is electrification, the conversion of the two main tracks to high-tech jointless, providing a smooth and low-noise train, the construction of 31 kilometers of an additional main railway line, on which will be carried freight, and the construction of 31 new stations.
2. By the way, some old stations have survived to this day. All new platforms were built from scratch (except for Gagarin Square), but at the same time, the existing low platforms near the buildings of historical stations were preserved in their original form.
3. The platforms are equipped with turnstiles, on which, unlike the platforms of the radial directions of suburban trains, single tickets of the Moscow metro, Troika and Moscow city street transport will operate. However, during the first month from the beginning of operation, they will not control the fare payment, since all trips around the MCC during this period will be free.
4. In total, the renewed Moscow Central Ring will have twice as many stations as before – 31 instead of 14 pre-revolutionary ones.
5. And here is the train. Many are probably already familiar with Swallow – a high-speed electric train created on the basis of the Siemens Desiro platform for the Russian railways. In total, up to 134 pairs of trains will run on the MCC per day. The maximum speed of such rolling stock is about 120 km / h. Capacity is 1200 passengers.
6. Since 2014, the production of Swallow trains has been conducted in Russia at the Ural Locomotives plant in Verkhnyaya Pyshma (Yekaterinburg).